Natural Dye Batik is batik that generally were made from plants extracts and it’s new innovation batik dye that environmentally friendly. One of benefit natural dye batik is not harm the environment, as we know the balance of the ecosystem is essential for life. It is certainly different from the dye synthesis batik where most of the dyes materials that used is chemical.
We need to appreciate and support batik craftsmen environmental awareness. Beside producing batik with the best quality and have high artistic value, they still concerned about the environment furthermore natural dye batik more exclusive.
Natural Dye batik Materials
Basically almost all plant species can produce a natural dye that can be used in the dyeing process of batik (Natural dyeing). The dye can be extracted from the root, stem bark, flowers, and leaves. Natural dye materials are obtained from plant extracts such as :
- Acacia catecu as natural dye batik to produce brown color
- Aporosa frutescens, Cerios tagal, Uncaria gambir as natural dye batik to produce black color
- Caesalpinia sappan, Morinda citrifolia, Peristrophe bivalvis as natural dye batik to produce red color
- Maclura cochinchinensis, Peltophorum pterocarpum, Butea monosperma, Symplocos as natural dye batik to produce yellow color
- Mallotus philippinensis, Bixa orellana as natural dye batik to produce orange color
- Indigofera sp as natural dye batik to produce blue color
- Mangifera indica as natural dye batik to produce green color
It’s only some plants that can be used for natural dying. There are more plants that can be used for natural dying beside mentioned above.
Natural Dye Batik
Process of batik with natural dyes is long enough and more difficult, although the colors are not as bright as the dye synthesis, natural dye batik color appear more exclusive because to produce same color is very difficult and generally it’s limited production so if you use batik with natural dyes are hard to find identical twin.
Natural dye batik treatment is slightly different than the synthetic dyes as explain below :
- To wash batik cloth preferably using lerak (Indonesia), soapnut (English), arishta penila (Sansekerta), ritha (India), wasch nuss (German). Lerak is fruit that contain saponin, saponin substance able to dissolve dirt, even though it contains toxins that can be used as an insecticide that can be used to clean lice from pets
- Don’t wash it with washing machine
- When drying should not be in direct sunlight, better leave them in a state of reverse
- If you want to give fragrance and fabric softener on batik, do not spray directly on fabric, previously, over first cloth with upholstery other better light-colored / plain, after that spray the deodorant and softener
- When ironing, preferably covered with fabric. Do not be ironed directly over batik cloth, because it can affect the motif and color
Photo source : http://www.antarafoto.com/peristiwa/v1239852655/kimono-batik