Batik originated from the Javanese language, “Ba is amba”, meaning to write and “tik is nitik” which means the point or dot. The word batik own Consulting on pattern-making techniques – using a canting or cap – and dyeing cloth using the color barrier material shades of “night” (wax) is applied over the fabric, so that resist the entry of dye, in international the term is wax-resist dyeing.
Batik in Indonesia has been known since the 17th century, originally batik made only by writing after World War I (1920) known new term stamped, where the manufacture is not written but in stamp. Batik is the ancestral heritage of Indonesia (Java) that until now still exist. Batik was first introduced to the world by President Suharto, who was then wearing batik at the UN Conference.
Batik is a craft that has high artistic value and has become part of the culture of Indonesia (especially Java) since long time ago, at that time batik dyes using natural dyes derived from plants native to Indonesia, including Morinda citrifolia (mengkudu), height, Soga, indigo trees, and soda is made from soda ash, mud salts from the soil.
Patterns and colors in batik is very diverse and partly influenced by foreign countries, especially the coastal batik, batik coast which has a characteristic bright colors and flower patterns. Retain traditional batik their patterns, and is still used in traditional ceremonies, because usually each style has a certain symbolism.
According to the manufacturing techniques are divided into three that is :
Batik is a fabric decorated with texture and style batik by hand. This type of batik takes approximately 2-3 months.
Batik stamped is decorated with fabric textures and patterns created with batik cap (usually made of copper). This type of batik process takes approximately 2-3 days.
Batik is a process of making batik painting by painting directly on the white cloth.
In some batik motifs have specific meanings that are not just images, written on cloth. Especially batiks of Java either solo or court jogjakarta, thus batik is the cultural heritage.
UNESCO appointed Indonesian batik as a masterpiece of human cultural heritage on October 2, 2009. The inaugural Process Indonesian batik is quite a long. Starting on 3 September 2008 which was subsequently accepted officially by UNESCO on January 9, 2009. The next stage of testing is covered by the UNESCO in Paris on June 11 to May 14, 2009.